In this study, we have developed sand movement models for the surfaces in UAE. This was produced according to the factors like wind speed, temperature, precipitation, vegetation and surface roughness of the study area to identify and produce the map i.e. high, medium, and low-risk sand movement areas. The significance of this study shows that during summer season UAE witnessed the high sand encroachment. About 30% of the total area is found high sand encroachment in the months of January, April, July, and October to reflect the four seasons of winter, spring, extreme summer, and warm summer respectively. The results of this research found that during the month of July when temperature is high and vegetation is reduced the risk index reaches its highest level of 30% higher compared to the risk during the winter season in January. This is due to the fact during such extremely high temperature, in the summer the study area is not suitable for any agricultural practices.
This proves that vegetation and season play a major role in sand encroachment in the areas studied. Thus, this work finding indicates to the urban planners to take proper decision for the aid of infrastructure growth. During the last few decades, there has been tremendous urban development in the UAE. For instance, in the building of major urban facilities, transportation networks and airports, such risk maps are vitally important and provide a powerful planning tool for urban planners and municipal plans. Through the incorporation of such information in the future planning processes, informed and accurate decisions can be taken to avoid high-risk sand encroachment areas. Such decision may consider the unique temporal and spatial variability in the study area. This research offers findings in connection to four climatic seasons in the study area.